Exploring the Giants: The 20 Largest Banks in the United States


The financial landscape of the United States is dominated by an elite group of banks, ranging from historic institutions with roots tracing back centuries to newer, innovative entities reshaping the industry. This article delves into the 20 largest banks in the U.S., offering insights into their assets, histories, and current standings in the financial arena.

1. JPMorgan Chase:

Assets: $3.38 Trillion

Founding Date: 1799

CEO: Jamie Dimon

Brief History: JPMorgan Chase’s legacy is deeply intertwined with the development of New York City, evolving into one of the world’s largest banks after a pivotal 2000 merger.

2. Bank of America:

Assets: $2.44 Trillion

Founding Date: 1904

CEO: Brian Moynihan

Brief History: Bank of America became a financial behemoth, especially after significant acquisitions during the late 2000s financial crisis.

3. Citibank:

Assets: $1.72 Trillion

Founding Date: 1812

CEO: Jane Fraser

Brief History: Known for its global focus, Citibank stands out as a major player in high finance and corporate lending, with Jane Fraser at its helm.

4. Wells Fargo:

Assets: $1.71 Trillion

Founding Date: 1852

CEO: Charles Scharf

Brief History: Originating as a frontier bank, Wells Fargo played a crucial role in providing financial services to rapidly growing Western cities.

5. U.S. Bank:

Assets: $582 Billion

Founding Date: 1863

CEO: Andy Cecere

Brief History: Evolving from regional banks in the 1860s, U.S. Bank has grown into a coast-to-coast institution through numerous acquisitions.

6. PNC Bank:

Assets: $533 Billion

Founding Date: 1983

CEO: William Demchak

Brief History: Formed from the merger of two major Pennsylvania financial institutions, PNC Bank serves consumers and businesses across the eastern U.S.

7. Truist Bank:

Assets: $532 Billion

Founding Date: 2019

CEO: Kelly King

Brief History: A recent creation from the merger of BB&T and SunTrust, Truist Bank has roots dating back to the 19th century.

8. Goldman Sachs:

Assets: $502 Billion

Founding Date: 1869

CEO: David Solomon

Brief History: Goldman Sachs, initially focused on commercial paper, is now a major global investment bank increasingly involved in consumer solutions.

9. TD Bank:

Assets: $405 Billion

Founding Date: 1855

CEO: Bharat Masrani

Brief History: Transitioning south of the border, TD Bank expanded its footprint in the U.S. through strategic acquisitions.

10. Morgan Stanley:

Assets: $391 Billion

Founding Date: 1935

CEO: James Gorman

Brief History: Born out of the Glass-Steagall Act, Morgan Stanley is a major player in investment banking and wealth management.

11. Capital One Bank:

Assets: $388 Billion

Founding Date: 1988

CEO: Richard Fairbank

Brief History: Capital One Bank, led by founder Richard Fairbank, stands out for its unconventional approach to consumer and small-business finance.

12. BNY Mellon:

Assets: $365 Billion

Founding Date: 2007

CEO: Thomas P. Gibbons

Brief History: BNY Mellon operates as a “banker’s bank,” focusing more on institutional services than typical consumer-facing offerings.

13. State Street:

Assets: $296 Billion

Founding Date: 1792

CEO: Ronald P. O’Hanley

Brief History: Operating behind the scenes as a major security and custodial services provider, State Street is a key player in the financial infrastructure.

14. Citizens Bank:

Assets: $227 Billion

Founding Date: 1828

CEO: Bruce Van Saun

Brief History: With roots dating back to 1828, Citizens Bank underwent significant growth through a merger with the Royal Bank of Scotland in the 1980s.

15. Silicon Valley Bank:

Assets: $212 Billion

Founding Date: 1983

CEO: Greg W Becker

Brief History: Silicon Valley Bank, crucial for funding tech companies and venture capital, plays a pivotal role in supporting the innovation economy.

16. Fifth Third Bank:

Assets: $206 Billion

Founding Date: 1858

CEO: Gregory D. Carmichael

Brief History: Originating as the Bank of the Ohio Valley in 1858, Fifth Third Bank assumed its modern form through mergers and strategic moves.

17. M&T Bank:

Assets: $204 Billion

Founding Date: 1856

CEO: René F. Jones

Brief History: From its industrial roots, M&T Bank expanded to serve millions across the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic.

18. First Republic Bank:

Assets: $198 Billion

Founding Date: 1985

CEO: James H. Herbert II

Brief History: Serving upscale clients across the country, First Republic Bank concentrates its branch network in specific regions.

19. KeyBank:

Assets: $185 Billion

Founding Date: 1825

CEO: Christopher M. Gorman

Brief History: With headquarters in Cleveland, KeyBank stands tall with it’s massive network of branches and ATMs across the industrial Midwest and Northeast.

20. Huntington Bank:

Assets: $178 Billion

Founding Date: 1866

CEO: Stephen D. Steinour

Brief History: A significant SBA loan originator and major consumer bank in the Midwest, Huntington Bank’s network extends from Minnesota to West Virginia.


While these 20 banks stand as financial giants, boasting significant assets and rich histories, the U.S. banking landscape is diverse. With over 2,000 banks, including community banks and credit unions, consumers have a myriad of options. Exploring lesser-known institutions may reveal personalized services and competitive offerings, proving that a bank’s reputation is not the sole factor in choosing where to entrust one’s finances.

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